Friday, 5 September 2014

Make Your Own Computer

There are many different computers available for purchase from retail outlets, but they may be lacking features that you want or need. Fortunately, today’s computers can be easily assemble from a selection of interchangeable after-market parts, and though the initial cost may be higher, there are several advantages when you make your own computer. The mediocre components that can be found in some retail computers can be replaced by better-performing parts. Extra components that are not desired, and their cost, can be eliminated from the system. Finally, because all of the parts are replaceable, it is easy to upgrade the machine when a new technology comes along, without the expense of buying an entirely new machine.


1. Research the components you would like to have in your new computer. There are many choices on the market, and without the proper research, you may end up with components that are not compatible with each other. The basic computer will consist of a case, power supply, motherboard, processor, processor fan and heat sink assembly, RAM, hard drive, optical drive, network card, sound card, video card, monitor, mouse and keyboard.

2. Order your components from a reputable dealer. This may help to save the expense and hassle of returning incorrect parts or not getting what you paid for at all. When the parts arrive, ensure they match the parts that were ordered.

3. Choose an appropriate place to work that is well lit, has sufficient room to work and that no carpets that will generate static electricity.

4. Install the power supply into the case, if necessary. Many cases come with power supplies, but some users choose to use a better power supply.

5. Mount the motherboard into the case, using standoffs at each of the mounting holes in the motherboard. Connect leads from the case’s front panel lights, switches, USB headers and audio headers to the motherboard. Plug the power lead from the power supply into the motherboard.

6. Install the processor into the processor socket. Line up the marked corner of the processor with the similar mark on the socket, gently insert the processor into the socket and lock it in place with the lever on the side of the socket.

7. Spread a thin layer of thermal grease on top of the processor, and then install the heat sink and fan assembly. Be sure to connect the power lead from the fan to the motherboard.

8. Line up the RAM chips with the sockets, and press them in firmly, until the clips on the sides lock.

9. Mount the hard drive and optical securely into the case, and connect the IDE or SATA cables to the motherboard. Then connect a power cable to each drive.

10. Install any expansion cards--such as the network, video and audio cards--into the appropriate slots. Secure them with screws, and connect any cables that they may require.

11. Connect the keyboard, mouse and monitor to the external ports.

12. Turn the power on, and ensure that the machine boots correctly.

Tags: power supply, components that, into case, connect power, drive optical, hard drive, hard drive optical